Had Secretary Richard W. Riley heeded his father's advice and not ran for political office years ago, South Carolina's modern history may have been shaped in an entirely different manner. For starters, Riley's famed Education Improvement Act may not have come to fruition and served as a catalyst to galvanize the people of this great state in an effort to secure more education funding and an overall better education experience for all of its students. On a national level, former President Bill Clinton would not have had his two-term Secretary of Education; a man heralded nationally as a staunch education Reformer
But as luck would have it, Riley followed his own heart and South Carolina as well as the entire country is better because of his insubordination.
Secretary Riley recently sat down with Phil Noble at the Greenville University Center to discuss his career and thoughts on how to make his beloved state truly world class.
NOBLE: Talk about the cultural change and social impact that the Education Improvement Act helped foster in South Carolina.
SECRETARY RILEY: Education to me is the answer to all of our needs to the future. We were the lowest to monetarily support education of any state other than I believe Mississippi. We had to have more money in the system. The Education Improvement Act was a people's movement and I was very proud of that. I couldn't do but so much then in the Legislature because it was controversial. Senate less than the House. But the House money bill had to emanate in the House. We had to win the House and that was very difficult. We got out of the legislature into the public domain and it was very well received. The people kind of rose up. Every legislature had a stack of calls from people back in their districts. Every office hallway was crowded with people all of the time. And finally we picked up more and more and we finally got it done. And the people felt very good about themselves. If people get into education, get supportive of education, they support all levels of education. Even private education. Home schools. Whatever. And that changed, in my opinion, the way people felt about themselves.
NOBLE: Are the lessons of this still applicable today? And by this I mean bypassing the leadership and taking it to the grass roots level; to the people. Is that still a viable model?
SECRETARY RILEY: It's a model that really is a movement. I think it's about time to develop a movement of that kind. The thing that I've been so interested in and involved with is the Riley Institute at Furman University, which has a great program called the Diversity Leadership Initiative. We have all of our Alumni, four to five hundred people; meet once a year and the topic that we meet on is "One South Carolina." That is what I think perhaps could be the next movement. It involves the word Diversity. I would like to see South Carolina become a garden of diversity. Where people from other countries. People from other cultures say "You know, here's a small state of thirty percent Blacks, six percent Hispanics or whatever the exact numbers they are, they are one state. They are all working together. They believe in each other. They want to help each other." It's not us and them. That to me is most important.
NOBLE: How does the world or the rest of the country view South Carolina?
SECRETARY RILEY: Most people that know the state love to come here. South Carolina has a very strong reputation for being pro-business. That's something that I support. I want people to say South Carolina is a state that is committed to Education and to Diversity.
In terms of the message that you think we should strive to deliver to the world is it we are in some ways the state that is leading in our commitment to education and in some ways leading in diversity...?
SECRETARY RILEY: To me that would be ideal. That touches everything else. It touches character. It touches values. It touches competence. It touches all of the other important aspects of life, in my judgment. South Carolina is very interested in religion and spiritual things. That's a big part of this state. And that can also be a part of this effort. I would love to see that. We need to get over all of those humps: race, religion, culture, whatever and become one people. And I'd like to see us do that. And do that with education.
NOBLE: What are the barriers in your mind to our being able to accomplish these goals with regards to education and diversity?
SECRETARY RILEY: The one big barrier is that we're a "conservative state. And I'm a conservative democrat. We have a very difficult time turning loose the past. We perceive that to be a conservative thing and it can be in many ways looked at as being conservative; not wanting to change. I think that's a seat and as difficult as any we have had in moving us forward as one people. I would like to see that change. That's typical generally of South Carolinians. We love where we are. We love what we're doing. We love our families. Our communities. But we kind of reach into the past to pull that forward when we should be changing some things. Not everything. A lot of things in the past are great. We have some peaks and we have some valleys. We don't need to hold onto those valleys to pull us into the future